"ALONE WE GO FASTER, TOGETHER WE GO FURTHER"
20 PROJECT MANAGERS
Fabrice Hossa has created a team of project managers and decided to implement two concepts within the organization : Collective intelligence and horizontal management.
Collective intelligence (CI) is shared or group intelligence that emerges from the collaboration, collective efforts, and competition of many individuals and appears in consensus decision making. The term appears in sociobiology, political science and in context of mass peer review and crowdsourcing applications. It may involve consensus, social capital and formalisms such as voting systems, social media and other means of quantifying mass activity. Collective IQ is a measure of collective intelligence, although it is often used interchangeably with the term collective intelligence. Collective intelligence has also been attributed to bacteria and animals. It can be understood as an emergent property from the synergies among: 1) data-information-knowledge; 2) software-hardware; and 3) individuals (those with new insights as well as recognized authorities) that continually learns from feedback to produce just-in-time knowledge for better decisions than these three elements acting alone; or more narrowly as an emergent property between people and ways of processing information.This notion of collective intelligence is referred to as « symbiotic intelligence » by Norman Lee Johnson.
A flat organization (also known as horizontal organization) has an organizational structure with few or no levels of middle management between staff and executives. An organization’s structure refers to the nature of the distribution of the units and positions within it, also to the nature of the relationships among those units and positions. Tall and flat organizations differ based on how many levels of management are present in the organization and how much control managers are endowed with.
Transforming a highly hierarchical organization into a flat organization is known as delayering.